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Balkh, in Northern Afghanistan, is one of the oldest Cities. It is considered to be the first City to which the Indo-Iranian Tribes moved from the north of Amu River approximately between 2000 - 1500 BC. The Arabs called it Umm Al-Belaad, Mother of Cities.
The period between 2500s BC-1900s BC was the most important period in the history of Balkh. The City was raised to the ground by Genghis Khan in 1220.

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